Upper Town is the heart of the historic and oldest city, medieval jewel where art, culture and nature are intertwined in a very suggestive. Thanks to its small size, you can visit in a few hours with a pleasant walk. You reach in a short time by taking the funicular station located in Viale Vittorio Emanuele (Lower City), from here you can see the imposing walls of Bergamo, erected by Venice in '500. If you want you can go almost the entire perimeter of the Venetian Walls surrounded by the green landscapes of the hills of Bergamo and beautiful mansions, while inside the ramparts you can visit the local gunboat through underground routes. It is nocturnal itineraries along the tunnels of Bergamo to discover the medieval city.
Reached with the funicular to the top station in Piazza Shoes Market, going up on the right for Via Rocca you can visit the Memorial Park beautiful garden where you can enjoy an extraordinary panorama. Hay Market Square in the seat of the former convent of S. Francesco, which houses one of the sites of the Historical Museum. Going down to the Via Rocca is the right Gombito Street in the city center with the Fountain of S. Pancrazio and the Tower of Gombito, stone tower highest of Bergamo.
We then come to the Old Town Square, heart of Bergamo, where the Fontana Contarini, the Palace of the Public Library Angelo Mai, Palazzo della Ragione, the oldest in Lombardy and the Palazzo del Podesta which houses the Historical Museum of the Age Veneta, The '500 Interactive. It dominates the Piazza Torre Civica medieval said Campanone, High 52,76 mt. that every night at 22 beats 100 chimes that centuries ago indicated the start of the curfew and the closing night of the Gates of the City.
Adjacent to Old Town Square and reachable through the arcades of the Palazzo della Ragione, the Piazza del Duomo in Bergamo in a few meters reveals the monumental heart of the city. Here is the Basilica of S. Maria Maggiore, the most important Romanesque church of Bergamo which preserves fourteenth century frescoes, Cathedral, Chapel of Bartolomeo Colleoni, the Baptistery, the Curia and the Bishops. Inside the cathedral you can visit the graves of bishops under the main altar, Santa Maria Maggiore is the tomb of composer Gaetano Donizetti Bergamo as well as splendid frescoes, tapestries and a wooden confessional by Andrea Fantoni.
Returning to the Old Square, turn left into the street where we find the Casa Bartolomeo Colleoni Colleoni, purchased by the Leader in 1443, to make their home in the city, It was later donated to the city of Bergamo, requiring that it could not sell nor rent, but you had the headquarters Pius Place of Mercy, he founded to give a dowry to poor girls.
Climbing the Via Colleoni you come to the Square of the Citadel which houses the Civic Archaeological Museum and the Museum of Natural Sciences "E.Caffi".
After crossing the square of the Citadel you reach Largo Colle Aperto where you can see one of the four doors of the upper town, la Porta S. Alexander with the coat of arms of the Venetian lion S. Marco. Colle Aperto winding roads that lead the hills of Bergamo and the train of the second funicular of Bergamo that rises to the Colle di San Vigilio. Colle Aperto you can take the public bus that runs through all the walls, to return to the lower city and end the tour or continue the route going up the funicular to the Colle di San Vigilio.